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© 2018 Laureate Education Inc. 2. Healthcare Program/Policy Evaluation Analysis Template
A major public health priority for the United States is to improve the health of mothers, babies, and children.
Their well-being influences the health of future generations and can aid in the prediction of future public health concerns for families, communities, and the health-care system.
The Maternal, Infant, and Child Health issue area’s goals cover a wide range of conditions, health behaviors, and health system indicators that affect women’s, children’s, and families’ health, wellness, and quality of life.
What Is the Importance of Maternal, Infant, and Child Health?
Pregnancy can help identify and prevent present health hazards in women, as well as future health issues for mothers and their children.
These dangers to one’s health may include:
Heart illness and hypertension
Domestic violence between intimate partners
Diseases of the genome
STIs (sexually transmitted infections) (STDs)
Tobacco, alcohol, and other drug abuse
Unhealthy body mass index
Increased access to quality preconception (before pregnancy), prenatal (during pregnancy), and interconception (between pregnancies) care can lower the risk of mother and infant mortality and pregnancy-related problems.
Furthermore, favorable birth outcomes, as well as early detection and treatment of developmental delays, impairments, and other health issues in newborns, can help to prevent death or disability, allowing children to attain their full potential.
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Understanding the Health of Mothers, Infants, and Children
Pregnancy and childbirth are affected by a variety of circumstances, including:
Age and health state before to conception
Preconception, prenatal, and interconception health care are all available.
Infant and child health is influenced by sociodemographic and behavioral factors such as education, family income, and breastfeeding, but it is also linked to parents’ and caregivers’ physical and emotional health.
There are racial and ethnic differences in maternal and baby mortality and morbidity; African Americans, in particular, have the highest maternal and newborn mortality and morbidity.
3, 5, and 6
Many causes are believed to have contributed to these disparities.
Areas of Interest
Early and Middle Childhood Family Planning Adolescent Health Disability and Health
More Determinants of Maternal, Infant, and Child Health Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Health Conditions in the places where people live, learn, work, and play influence a wide range of health risks and outcomes.
Maternal health habits and health status are influenced by environmental and social factors such as access to health care and early intervention services, educational, employment, and economic possibilities, social support, and the availability of resources to meet daily needs.
Pregnancy outcomes, as well as newborn and child health, are influenced by the same determinants that influence mother health.
Infant mortality has racial and ethnic inequities, which can be attributed in part to differences in social determinants of health.
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The health of children varies depending on race and ethnicity, as well as family income15 and other factors such as educational attainment among household members and access to health insurance.
Access to high-quality health care, such as that provided by a medical home17 and maternity care practices that promote breastfeeding18 and safe sleep conditions, can also have an impact on a child’s health and well-being.
The health, nutrition, and actions of women throughout pregnancy and early childhood may have an impact on the cognitive and physical development of infants and children.
Folic acid consumption in the recommended amounts before and throughout pregnancy can help to lower the risk of neural tube abnormalities.
Breast milk is widely recognized as the best complete source of nutrition for most infants, providing a variety of health, growth, immune, and development benefits.
20 and 21
Furthermore, children raised in safe and nurturing families and environments, free of maltreatment and other negative childhood experiences, have a better chance of succeeding as adults.
22, 23, and 24.
Maternal, Infant, and Child Health Emerging Issues
A “life course” approach to health promotion and disease prevention has been used recently to address ongoing inequities in maternal, baby, and child health.
Approximately half of all pregnancies were unplanned at the start of the decade.
Unintended pregnancy is linked to a number of public health issues, including delayed prenatal care, poor maternal health, and premature birth.
As a result, perinatal health initiatives have been developed to improve the health of women and infants during and throughout pregnancy by using a variety of evidence-based interventions and paying attention to emergent public health issues like Zika.
1, 25, and 26
Healthcare Program/Policy Evaluation Analysis Template
The evaluation of quality of life, including the issues of male and female fertility, is also supported by the life course viewpoint.
Infertility therapies (including counseling and diagnosis) have been provided to an estimated 6.9 million American women aged 15 to 44 in their lifetime.
Disparities in infertility diagnosis and treatment occur across racial and ethnic groups, and these disparities are likely to worsen as reproductive traditions evolve.
African American women, in particular, have greater rates of infertility.
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