Discussion: Human Anatomy and Physiology

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Discussion: Human Anatomy and Physiology

Discussion: Human Anatomy and Physiology


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Each question is 3 points each for a total of 75 points.

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1  of 25

Which of the following would not represent the study of physiology?


[removed] Measuring the respiratory rate of a person after a mile sprint.
[removed] Calculating the daily caloric intake of an athlete
[removed] Dissecting the kidney to observe the interior.
[removed] Determining the fasting blood sugar level of a patient.
[removed] Analyzing the EKG of a patient.

2  of 25

Which of the following describes an organ?


[removed] Molecules organized into a living unit
[removed] One or more cells with a specific function
[removed] At least two cell types organized for a specific function
[removed] One tissue type organized for a specific function
[removed] Two or more tissue types organized for a specific function

3  of 25

What organ system has the function of protecting and supporting body organs?


[removed] Muscular
[removed] Nervous
[removed] Skeletal
[removed] Integumentary
[removed] Endocrine

4  of 25

What is the correct anatomical term for the neck area of the human body?


[removed] Cervical
[removed] Patellar
[removed] Axillary
[removed] Coxal
[removed] Lumbar

5  of 25

Place the following in correct sequence from the simplest to most complex:1.molecules2.atoms3.tissues4.cells 5.organs


[removed] 1-2-3-4-5
[removed] 2-1-4-3-5
[removed] 2-1-3-4-5
[removed] 1-2-4-3-5
[removed] 1-2-4-5-3

6  of 25

What organ is considered part of the digestive system because it is responsible for the breakdown of some food types?


[removed] Liver
[removed] Kidney
[removed] Ovaries
[removed] Pituitary gland
[removed] Spleen

7  of 25

Which of the following is a correct statement about homeostasis?


[removed] The effector sends the stimulus to the control center
[removed] The receptor is enhanced by the control center
[removed] The response causes disease
[removed] The receptor sends the stimulus to the control center
[removed] The control center sends the message to the receptor

8  of 25

What is the process of removal of wastes from the body?


[removed] Digestion
[removed] Excretion
[removed] Metabolism
[removed] Responsiveness
[removed] Inflammation

9  of 25

The human body responds to a lack of supply of oxygen by rapidly producing red blood cells. What is this is an example of?


[removed] Negative feedback mechanism to restore homeostasis
[removed] Positive feedback mechanism to restore homeostasis
[removed] A homeostatic imbalance that will result in disease.
[removed] A response independent of homeostasis
[removed] Negative homeostasis that increases the oxygen supply

10  of 25

What plane divides the body into anterior and posterior sections?


[removed] Sagittal
[removed] Frontal
[removed] Sectional
[removed] Transverse
[removed] Lateral

11  of 25

In anatomical position, the great toe is located on what side of the foot?


[removed] Lateral
[removed] Medial
[removed] Proximal
[removed] Superior
[removed] Distal

12  of 25

A scientific experiment was conducted to assess the effectiveness of a new compound in reducing a high fever. Fifty patients received sugar pills instead of the new compound, and 50 patients were given the new compound. Which of the following statements is true?


[removed] The 50 patients receiving the sugar pills are called the experimental group
[removed] The 50 patients receiving the new compound are called the experimental group
[removed] The independent variable is the temperature
[removed] The measured results would be the amount of compound given
[removed] The control group is the patients receiving the new compound

13  of 25

Which of the following is a correct statement about cells of the human body?


[removed] They do not need oxygen.
[removed] They do not reproduce.
[removed] They are identical in shape and size.
[removed] They specialize in function.
[removed] They contain cell walls.

14  of 25

Cells that are involved in activities requiring excessive energy will have an abundance of what organelle?


[removed] Endoplasmic reticulum
[removed] Chromatin
[removed] Golgi apparatus
[removed] Mitochondria
[removed] Centrioles

15  of 25

What is the formation of a small pocket around a liquid substance by the plasma membrane?


[removed] Pinocytosis
[removed] Phagocytosis
[removed] Passive transport
[removed] Osmosis
[removed] Filtration

16  of 25

What are the cellular extensions that move substances along the cell surface called?


[removed] Flagella
[removed] Microvilla
[removed] Cilia
[removed] Microtubules
[removed] Cytoskeleton

17  of 25

Mitosis results in the formation of which of the following?


[removed] Proteins necessary for survival
[removed] Two daughter nuclei that have the same DNA as the mother nucleus
[removed] Stored energy necessary for cellular functions
[removed] Four daughter cells with half the DNA of the mother nucleus.
[removed] Four centrioles

18  of 25

Which of the following is a function of a plasma membrane protein?


[removed] Circulating antibody
[removed] Molecular transport through the membrane
[removed] To form a lipid bilayer
[removed] Oxygen transport
[removed] Chromatin storage

19  of 25

What are the four major tissue types?


[removed] Connective, cartilage, muscle and bone
[removed] Bone, muscle, epithelia, nervous
[removed] Bone, muscle, connective, epithelia
[removed] Epithelia, muscle, nervous, connective
[removed] Epithelia, muscle, blood, nervous

20  of 25

Which of the following describes epithelial tissue?


[removed] It is highly vascular.
[removed] It has a basement membrane.
[removed] It is usually acellular.
[removed] It contains a number of neuron types.
[removed] It does not regenerate.

21  of 25

Which of the following describes DNA synthesis?


[removed] Nucleotides separate into three different codons.
[removed] DNA uncoils and separates into 2 nucleotide chains.
[removed] DNA clumps and forms a double helix.
[removed] DNA replicates during metaphase.
[removed] DNA leaves the nucleus through the nuclear pores.

22  of 25

The shape of the external ear is maintained by what tissue?


[removed] Adipose tissue
[removed] Elastic cartilage
[removed] Hyaline cartilage
[removed] Stratified squamous tissue
[removed] Smooth muscle

23  of 25

Thyroid glands secrete their products directly into the blood rather than through ducts. What is this kind of gland called?


[removed] Exocrine
[removed] Endocrine
[removed] Sebaceous
[removed] Ceruminous
[removed] Mammary

24  of 25

What is the first step in tissue repair?


[removed] Replacement of destroyed tissue by the same kind of cells
[removed] Proliferation of fibrous connective tissue
[removed] Inflammation
[removed] Formation of scar tissue
[removed] Repair of blood vessels

25  of 25

What is scar tissue?


[removed] Weakly woven reticular fibers
[removed] Dense connective tissue
[removed] Granulation tissue
[removed] Regenerated epithelial tissue
[removed] A tangle of damaged nerve fibers
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