Use the traditional method in testing the hypothesis in the problems below:

a. State the hypotheses and identify the claim.

Don't use plagiarized sources. Get Your Custom Essay on

Answer in Statistics and Probability for Goldie #253646

Just from $13/Page

b. Find the critical value(s)

c. Find the test value

d. Make the decision

e. Summarize the result

A nurse was hired by a governmental ecology agency to investigate the impact of a lead smelter on the level of lead in the blood of children living near the smelter. Ten children were chosen at random from those living near the smelter. A comparison group of seven children was randomly selected from those living in an area relatively free from possible lead pollution. Blood samples were taken from the children and lead levels determined. The following are the results (scores are in micrograms of lead per 100 milliliters of blood):

Children living near smelter: 18 16 21 14 17 19 22 24 15 18

Children living in unpolluted area: 9 13 8 15 17 12 11 – – –

Analyze the result using two-tailed test with ∝= 0.10.

Since we have small sample sizes and they were taken from normally distrubution population(most likely it is), Using T-test is appropriate

Null hypothesis: “u{\scriptscriptstyle 1} = u{\scriptscriptstyle 2}”

Null hypothesis: “u{\scriptscriptstyle 1} \not = u{\scriptscriptstyle 2}”

Where “u{\scriptscriptstyle 1}, u{\scriptscriptstyle 2}” – near the smelter mean and far from smelter sample means respectively

T statistic is building the following way:

“T={\frac {u{\scriptscriptstyle 1}-u{\scriptscriptstyle 2}} {\sqrt{{\frac {s^{2}{\scriptscriptstyle 1}} n}+ {\frac {s^{2}{\scriptscriptstyle 2}} m}}}}” , where “s^{2}{\scriptscriptstyle 1},s^{2}{\scriptscriptstyle 2}” – near the smelter variance and far from smelter sample means respectively. n, m – near the smelter sample size and far from smelter sample size respectively

“u{\scriptscriptstyle 1}={\frac {18+16+…+18} {10}}= 18.4”

“s^{2}{\scriptscriptstyle 1} ={\frac {(18-18.4)^{2}+…+(18-18.4)^{2}} 9}= {\frac {90.4} {9}}=10”

“u{\scriptscriptstyle 2}={\frac {9+…+11} {7}}= 12.4”

“s^{2}{\scriptscriptstyle 1} =6*{\frac {(13-12.4)^{2}+…+(11-12.4)^{2}} 6}={\frac {61.2} {6}} = 10.2”

Now we can calculate value of the t-statistic:

“T={\frac {18.4-12.4} {\sqrt{1+1.45}}} = 3.83”

critical value is “T{\scriptscriptstyle {cr}}(0.05;15)”, 15 – degree freedom(n+m-2), 0.05 – half of the “\alpha”

If T є (“-T{\scriptscriptstyle {cr}}, T{\scriptscriptstyle {cr}})” then we fail to reject null hypothesis

“T{\scriptscriptstyle {cr}}(0.05;15)=1.753”

Or T-value is greater than critical, so we reject the null hypothesis.

There are statistically significant evidence that living near the smelter does impact the blood of children

We provide professional writing services to help you score straight A’s by submitting custom written assignments that mirror your guidelines.

Get result-oriented writing and never worry about grades anymore. We follow the highest quality standards to make sure that you get perfect assignments.

Our writers have experience in dealing with papers of every educational level. You can surely rely on the expertise of our qualified professionals.

Your deadline is our threshold for success and we take it very seriously. We make sure you receive your papers before your predefined time.

Someone from our customer support team is always here to respond to your questions. So, hit us up if you have got any ambiguity or concern.

Sit back and relax while we help you out with writing your papers. We have an ultimate policy for keeping your personal and order-related details a secret.

We assure you that your document will be thoroughly checked for plagiarism and grammatical errors as we use highly authentic and licit sources.

Still reluctant about placing an order? Our 100% Moneyback Guarantee backs you up on rare occasions where you aren’t satisfied with the writing.

You don’t have to wait for an update for hours; you can track the progress of your order any time you want. We share the status after each step.

Although you can leverage our expertise for any writing task, we have a knack for creating flawless papers for the following document types.

Although you can leverage our expertise for any writing task, we have a knack for creating flawless papers for the following document types.

From brainstorming your paper's outline to perfecting its grammar, we perform every step carefully to make your paper worthy of A grade.

Hire your preferred writer anytime. Simply specify if you want your preferred expert to write your paper and we’ll make that happen.

Get an elaborate and authentic grammar check report with your work to have the grammar goodness sealed in your document.

You can purchase this feature if you want our writers to sum up your paper in the form of a concise and well-articulated summary.

You don’t have to worry about plagiarism anymore. Get a plagiarism report to certify the uniqueness of your work.

- Most Qualified Writer $10FREE
- Plagiarism Scan Report $10FREE
- Unlimited Revisions $08FREE
- Paper Formatting $05FREE
- Cover Page $05FREE
- Referencing & Bibliography $10FREE
- Dedicated User Area $08FREE
- 24/7 Order Tracking $05FREE
- Periodic Email Alerts $05FREE

Join us for the best experience while seeking writing assistance in your college life. A good grade is all you need to boost up your academic excellence and we are all about it.

- On-time Delivery
- 24/7 Order Tracking
- Access to Authentic Sources

We create perfect papers according to the guidelines.

We seamlessly edit out errors from your papers.

We thoroughly read your final draft to identify errors.

Work with ultimate peace of mind because we ensure that your academic work is our responsibility and your grades are a top concern for us!

Dedication. Quality. Commitment. Punctuality

Here is what we have achieved so far. These numbers are evidence that we go the extra mile to make your college journey successful.

We have the most intuitive and minimalistic process so that you can easily place an order. Just follow a few steps to unlock success.

We understand your guidelines first before delivering any writing service. You can discuss your writing needs and we will have them evaluated by our dedicated team.

- Clear elicitation of your requirements.
- Customized writing as per your needs.

We write your papers in a standardized way. We complete your work in such a way that it turns out to be a perfect description of your guidelines.

- Proactive analysis of your writing.
- Active communication to understand requirements.

We promise you excellent grades and academic excellence that you always longed for. Our writers stay in touch with you via email.

- Thorough research and analysis for every order.
- Deliverance of reliable writing service to improve your grades.